The Principle of Common Heritage of Mankind and the Management of Common Pool Resources ⎯ A Comparative Study on the Concepts and the Institutional Designs

The Principle of Common Heritage of Mankind and the Management of Common Pool Resources ⎯ A Comparative Study on the Concepts and the Institutional Designs

 

Title
The Principle of Common Heritage of Mankind and the Management of Common Pool Resources ⎯ A Comparative Study on the Concepts and the Institutional Designs
Author
Wen-Chen Shih
Keywords
Common Heritage of Mankind, Common Concern of Mankind, Common Pool Resources, Resources Management
Abstract
Most of the environmental problems result from the over-exploitation and use
of the so-called “common pool resources.” From the perspective of the global
commons, these resources are characterised as either the “common heritage of
mankind” or the “common concern of mankind,” and are regulated under various
treaty regimes. From a more localised perspective, these common pool resources-
located within the territories of nation states-are managed according to national
laws. This article, through a preliminary literature review, contemplates to explore
and compare the management regimes of the common pool resources at different
scale, i.e. those under the “common heritage of mankind” and those under the domestic
“common pool resources” management regime. The result of this research
concludes that, there is no ideal management regime that can be applied to the use
of the common pool resources of different scale. Different institutional designs and
management tools are needed to accommodate the use of the common pool resources
of different scale. Nevertheless, characteristics common to different management regimes might be applicable to the use of such resources of different scale,
if sufficient flexibilities exist so that they can be adapted to meet the need of the
use of the common pool resources at different scale.
Abstract Article

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